validate - asserts the following:

  • formula must not have duplicates terms on the left and right hand side of the formula.

check - returns the following:

  • ok A logical. Does the check pass?

  • duplicates A character vector. The duplicate terms.

validate_no_formula_duplication(formula, original = FALSE)

check_no_formula_duplication(formula, original = FALSE)



A formula to check.


A logical. Should the original names be checked, or should the names after processing be used? If FALSE, y ~ log(y) is allowed because the names are "y" and "log(y)", if TRUE, y ~ log(y) is not allowed because the original names are both "y".


validate_no_formula_duplication() returns formula invisibly.

check_no_formula_duplication() returns a named list of two components, ok and duplicates.


hardhat provides validation functions at two levels.

  • check_*(): check a condition, and return a list. The list always contains at least one element, ok, a logical that specifies if the check passed. Each check also has check specific elements in the returned list that can be used to construct meaningful error messages.

  • validate_*(): check a condition, and error if it does not pass. These functions call their corresponding check function, and then provide a default error message. If you, as a developer, want a different error message, then call the check_*() function yourself, and provide your own validation function.

See also


# All good check_no_formula_duplication(y ~ x)
#> $ok #> [1] TRUE #> #> $duplicates #> character(0) #>
# Not good! check_no_formula_duplication(y ~ y)
#> $ok #> [1] FALSE #> #> $duplicates #> [1] "y" #>
# This is generally okay check_no_formula_duplication(y ~ log(y))
#> $ok #> [1] TRUE #> #> $duplicates #> character(0) #>
# But you can be more strict check_no_formula_duplication(y ~ log(y), original = TRUE)
#> $ok #> [1] FALSE #> #> $duplicates #> [1] "y" #>
# This would throw an error try(validate_no_formula_duplication(log(y) ~ log(y)))
#> Error : The following terms are duplicated on the left and right hand side of the `formula`: 'log(y)'.